La Brookings Institution a compilé dans un rapport intitulé Order from Chaos, Around tha halls : Brookings experts react to the Trump-Kim Jong-un summit in Singapore des réactions d’experts sur l’accord que viennent de signer Kim Jong-un et Donald Trump. Une idée commune se dégage : cet accord n’apporte pas d’éléments nouveaux même s’il apaise les relations explosives entre les dirigeants des deux pays. Tout reste à faire. Donald Trump a fait la photo, Mike Pompeo va devoir faire le travail. La Chine est le grand vainqueur de ce sommet.
Ci-dessous des extraits des commentaires.
Jung Pak, SK-Korea Foundation Chair in Korea Studies and Senior Fellow in the Center for East Asia Policy Studies
The Singapore summit produced little more than frothy statements without substance, with little accountability for Kim Jong-un to cease and dismantle his nuclear weapons program.
Jonathan Pollack, Nonresident Senior Fellow in the Center for East Asia Policy Studies and the John L. Thornton China Center
The joint statement is a decidedly underwhelming document, consisting largely of generalities and platitudes that Trump quickly tried to oversell. It contained far fewer specifics than most observers expected, and much less than what Secretary of State Mike Pompeo promised. It obligates North Korea to very little.
Evans Revere, Nonresident Senior Fellow in the Center for East Asia Policy Studies
The summit statement itself was sparse, anodyne, and detail-free. It could just as easily have been drafted and agreed upon by senior officials a month ago, or even in 1994 or 2000. The statement was a collection of vague aspirational goals.
Robert Einhorn, Senior Fellow in the Center for 21st Century Security and Intelligence and the Arms Control and Non-Proliferation Initiative
The summit clearly fell short, with only a reaffirmation of Pyongyang’s familiar and vague pledge to “work toward” denuclearization.
Ryan Hass, David M. Rubenstein Fellow in the Center for East Asia Policy Studies and the John L. Thornton China Center
In evaluating the outcome of the summit, the big winner was China. China would like to see a reduction in military forces in Northeast Asia and a widening of the gap between the United States and its allies and partners. Beijing is now on track to achieve these objectives at little cost.
Richard Nephew, Nonresident Senior Fellow in the Center for 21st Century Security and Intelligence and the Arms Control and Non-Proliferation Initiative
The most important element of the statement that Trump and Kim signed was the delegation to Pompeo and “a relevant high-level DPRK official” to continue the negotiations, ensuring that there will be a reversion to more technical and detailed talks.
Katharine Moon, Nonresident Senior Fellow in the Center for East Asia Policy Studies
Underwhelming” is how I characterize the Singapore summit between Donald Trump and Kim Jong-un.
Jonathan Stromseth, Lee Kuan Yew Chair in Southeast Asian Studies and Senior Fellow in the Center for East Asia Policy Studies and the John L. Thornton China Center
The outcome of the summit is more concerning: It could have long-term security implications, not just for Northeast Asia but for the broader region.
Michael O’Hanlon, Senior Fellow in the Center for 21st Century Security and Intelligence and Director of Research for Foreign Policy
I am a little happier than some of my colleagues with the outcome in Singapore—perhaps because I am still recovering from the anxiety I felt in 2017 over an all-too-real risk of war, and would take even a flawed diplomatic process over that mutual brinkmanship any day.
Tarun Chhabra, Fellow in the Project on International Order and Strategy
…with no concrete commitments on real denuclearization.
Jeffrey Bader, Senior Fellow in the John L. Thornton China Center
For his part, President Trump achieved, among other things: a significant decrease in the war atmosphere that prevailed in the Korean peninsula over the last year (…) North Korean reaffirmation of the goal of denuclearization of the Korean Peninsula, with no details, road map, or timetable;